Contoh Text of Genre: Explanation dan Penjelasannya

HOW EARTQUAKES HAPPEN

  1. Earthquake is one of the most destroying natural disasters. Unluckily it often happens in several regions. Recently a horrible earthquake has shaken West Sumatra. It has brought great damages. Why did it occur? Do you know how an earthquake happens?
  2. Earthquakes are usually caused when rock underground suddenly breaks along a fault. This sudden release of energy causes the seismic waves. It make the ground shake. When two blocks of rock or two plates are rubbing against each other, they stick a little. They don’t just slide smoothly. The rocks are still pushing against each other, but not moving. After a while, the rocks break because of all the pressure that’s built up. When the rocks break, the earthquake occurs.
  3. During the earthquake and afterward, the plates or blocks of rock start moving, and they continue to move until they get stuck again. The spot underground where the rock breaks is called the focus of the earthquake. The place right above the focus is called the epicenter of the earthquake.

Analisa:

  • Paragraf Pertama adalah tentang General Statement (pernyataan umum). Melihat dari teks tersebut tentu GSnya adalah an Earthquake happening.
  • Paragraf kedua: Squenced of explanation adalah penjelasan tentang bagaimana Earthquake bisa terjadi. Gempa bumi bisa terjadi pada dasarnya adalah karena “rock underground suddenly breaks along a fault”. Penjelasan lainnya adalah tentang kronologi how rock underground breaks along a fault.
  • Paragraf ketiga: closing yang menerangkan bahwa pergeseran lempeng bumi terus terjadi dan menerangkan bahwa titik di bawah bumi dimana batu mengalami patahan (where the rock breaks) disebut sebagai Focus of the eartquake dan tempat di atas titik tersebut disebut epicenter of earthquake.

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