Pengertian dan Rumus Passive Voice Pada 16 Tenses

A. Pengertian.

Passive Voice dalam bahasa Indonesaia dikenal dengan istilah kalimat pasif. Contohnya dipukul, dicintai, terlepas, terinjak dst.

B. Rumus Passive Voice.

Rumus Dasar Dari Passive Voice adalah:
TO BE + V3

  1. Simple Present Tense
    Aktif : S + do/does + not + V1
    Pasif : S + to be (am, are, is) + not + V3 + by + O
    Contoh:

    • Aktif : She doesn’t write the book > Pasif : The book isn’t written by her.
    • Aktif : I don’t wash the car > Pasif : The car isn’t washed by me
  2. Present Continuous Tense
    Aktif : S + to be (am, are, is) +  not + V1-ing
    Pasif : S + to be (am, are, is) + not + being + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She isn’t reading the book > Pasif : The book isn’t being read by her
  3. Present Perfect Tense
    Aktif : S + have/has + not + V3 + O
    Pasif : S + have/has + not + been + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She hasn’t written the book > Pasif : The book hasn’t been written by her
      Aktif : I haven’t written the book > Pasif : The book hasn’t been written by me
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
    Aktif : S + have/has + not + been + V1-ing + O
    Pasif : S + have/has + not + been + being + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She hasn’t been reading the book > Pasif : The book hasn’t been being read by her
    • Aktif : I haven’t been washing the car > Pasif : The car hasn’t been being washed by me
  5. Simple Past Tense
    Aktif : S + did + not + V1
    Pasif : S + to be (was, were) + not + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She didn’t write a letter > Pasif : A letter wasn’t written by her
  6. Past Continuous Tense
    Aktif : S + to be (was, were) + not + V1-ing + O
    Pasif : S + to be (was, were) + not + being + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She wasn’t washing the car > Pasif : The car wasn’t being washed by her
  7. Past Perfect Tense
    Aktif : S + had + not + V3 + O
    Pasif : S + had + not + been + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She hadn’t washed the car > Pasif : The car hadn’t been washed by her.
  8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
    Aktif : S + had + not + been + V1-ing + O
    Pasif : S + had + not + been + being + V3 + by + O
    Contoh:

    • Aktif : She hadn’t been washing the car > Pasif : The car hadn’t been being washed  by her
  9. Simple Future Tense
    Aktif : S + will + not + V1 + O
    Pasif : S + will + not + be + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She won’t wash the car> Pasif : The car won’t be washed by her
  10. Future Continuous Tense
    Aktif : S + will + not + be + V1-ing + O
    Pasif : S + will + not + be + being + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She won’tl be washing the car > Pasif : The car won’t be being washed by her
  11. Future Perfect Tense
    Aktif : S + will + not + have + V3 + O
    Pasif : S + will + not + have + been + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She won’t have washed the car > Pasif : The car won’t have been washed by her
  12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense
    Aktif : S + will + not + have + been + V1-ing + O
    Pasif : S + will + not + have + been + being + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She won’t have been washing the car > Pasif : The car won’t have been being washed by her
  13. Simple Future Past Tense
    Aktif : S + would +not +  V1
    Pasif : S + would + not + be + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She wouldn’t wash the car > Pasif : The car wouldn’t be washed by her
  14. Future Past Continuous Tense
    Aktif : S + would + not + be + V1-ing + O
    Pasif : S + would + not + be + being + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She wouldn’t be washing the car > Pasif : The car wouldn’t be being washed by her
  15. Future Past Perfect Tense
    Aktif : S + would + not + have + V3 + O
    Pasif : S + would + not + have + been + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She wouldn’t have washed the car > Pasif : The car wouldn’t have been washed by her
  16. Future Past Perfect Continuous Tense
    Aktif : S + would + not + have + been + V1-ing + O
    Pasif : S + would + not + have + been +being + V3 + by + O
    Contoh :

    • Aktif : She wouldn’t have been washing the car > Pasif : The car wouldn’t have been being washed by her

Latihan Soal.

Passive Voice Quizzes

Question 1
They built that hotel in 1945.
A
That hotel was built by them in 1945
B
They was built that hotel in 1945
Question 2
We will finish the course by December.
A
The course will be finished by us by December.
B
The course will finished by us by December.
Question 3
Someone will speak Sundanese at the meeting.
A
Sundanese is spoken in the meeting
B
Sundanese will be spoken in the meeting
Question 4
They are repairing the station this month.
A
The station are repaired by them this month.
B
The station are being repaired by them this month.
Question 5
Did the party interest you?
A
Did you interested in the party?
B
Were you interested in the party?
There are 5 questions to complete.
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